There are seven important elements that every design should address so that the result is a great design success.
- Unity and Harmony – even if you are only planning to redesign one or two rooms of your home, you need to think of the house in its totality, a series of spaces linked by walkways, halls or stairs. Look round model homes and you will see a reoccurring theme, it may be color or a decorative theme that resonates through the whole home.
- Balance – Balance refers to the visual weight of the room. There are three types of balance – symmetrical, where each side is identical; asymmetrical – items of differing proportions are used but the overall effect is one of balanced visual weight; radial symmetry – this is when items are displayed around a central point, this is the least common style of balance but can look very effective if used correctly.
- Focal Point – A well designed room will have at least one focal point that the eye is drawn to. Focal points give the room interest but should also be an integral part of the decoration linked through scale, style and color. Common focal points are often fireplaces or TV cabinets but a focal point can be created by painting a feature wall or by a piece of furniture or artwork. It is important to remember that the focal point should never dominate the room.
- Rhythm – In interior design rhythm is all about repetition, so that the eye progresses through the room from on area to another. This can be easily achieved by repeating a color or pattern around the room. You could also take an element and increase or decrease it, think of a series of three candles of varying sizes.
- Details – The small design details can make or break your scheme. Think about the door handles of cabinets, the piping around pillows etc. Often these details are overlooked and while they should not be obvious they will help to underpin your overall design.
- Scale and Proportion – These work hand in hand with the elements of balance but remember that proportion is about the ratio of one design element to another while scale concerns itself with the size of one object compared to another.
- Color – We have talked about how color can add balance and harmony to your design and with repetition can lead your eye through the home. You need to think about the overall color scheme and what feelings you are trying to portray. Think calming pale blues for bathrooms and bedrooms, relaxing greens and grays for living spaces, vibrant colors for outside spaces.